Brain Injury Information
East Morgan County Hospital, provides the following support and information about brain injury and resources to persons with brain injuries, their families, the professionals who work with them.
Traumatic Brain Injury or Head Injury
Injury to the brain acquired after birth, caused by external forces
Closed Head Injury
Injury due to a blunt blow to the head and/or associated with acceleration and deceleration. The brain whips around inside the skull and is damaged by shearing and impact on its protrusions. Concussion. Brain Swelling. Anoxia.
Open Head Injury
Injury due to a missile wound or blow to the head by a sharp object. The skull is fractured or perforated.
Mild Brain Injury
Brief or no unconsciousness. Can lead to headaches, dizziness, fatigue, lack of concentration, sleep difficulties, etc.
Moderate Brain Injury
Coma of less than 24 hours. Can lead to moderate problems outlined in the section.
- Severe Brain Injury
Coma of more than 24 hours. Can lead to severe forms of problems outlined in the section and possible multiple surgeries, extended rehabilitation, ongoing supervision, etc.
- Communication, swallowing, eating
- Movement, speech, daily living activities
- Sensory acuity and/or perception
- Memory, attention, concentration
- Planning, problem-solving, reasoning
- Reading, writing
- Fatigue, headaches, pain management
- Mood swings, depression
- Sexual functioning, growth/development
- Emotional, impulse, behavioral control
Seizures may develop. Relationships can be strained to breaking. Emotional, financial, physical and spiritual stress can drain all kinds of family resources.
Dealing with the consequences of any brain injury requires help from a variety of providers and agencies. Help will be needed for the survivor and his/her family for months or even years after the hospital stay is over.
Support is needed to help all concerned adjust to lifestyles that have been altered and deal with outside influences.
- Brain injury is the leading killer and disabler of this country's children and young adults
- Every 15 seconds, someone in the United States sustains a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Every 5 minutes, one of these people will die and another will be permanently disabled.
- A conservative estimate puts the total number of TBI's in the United States at over 2 million per year, with 500,000 severe enough to require hospitalization.
- The estimated lifetime cost for each survivor of a severe brain injury exceeds $4 million.
- Motor vehicle accidents - 50 percent
- Falls - 21percent
- Violence - 12 percent
- Sports and recreation - 10 percent
- Child abuse accounts for 64 percent of brain injury in infants
For more information on the Brain Injury Support Group and Services offered at EMCH, please call Elaine Prascher at (970) 842-6200.