What is a sleep lab?
Dawn Huth is the Clinical Manager for Banner Thunderbird Medical Center’s Pulmonary Rehab Department, Sleep Disorders Center and EEG.
Question: What type of programs and services does a sleep lab offer?
Answer: Banner Thunderbird Sleep Lab offers many services such as:
- Nocturnal Polysomnogram – An overnight sleep study lasting six to eight hours. It monitors electrocardiography, limb electromyography, respiratory effort in both the chest and diaphragm, nasal and oral airflow, and oxygen saturation by oximetry. In addition audiovisual monitoring of the patient’s behavior during sleep is done using infrared closed circuit television.
- Nocturnal Polysomnogram with Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Therapy- An overnight study where the technologist fits the patient with appropriate nasal CPAP system and titrates CPAP to effectively treat apneic and hypopneic episodes.
- Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)- Monitors the patents electroencephalogram and elctromyogram during a series of 20 minute daytime naps to objectively document the presence and severity of pathological daytime sleepiness. The test is done after a nocturnal polysomnogram to document the effect of the patient’s typical sleep process in any daytime sleepiness.
Question: What is the most common reason patients come to the sleep lab?
Answer: One of the most common reasons patients come to the sleep lab is due to sleep apnea. This is caused by the blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the rear of the throat collapses totally or partially causing daytime sleepiness, snoring, memory loss and if not treated could cause cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure, heart attack or stroke. In addition, sleep apnea may be responsible for job impairment and motor vehicle crashes as well as academic underachievement in children and adults. The signs and symptoms of sleep apnea primarily are breathing pauses, snoring, a.m. headaches, waking unrefreshed and feeling sleepy during the day, a frequent need for naps, and often waking up with muscle tenderness.
Question: Does insurance cover the programs and services in the sleep lab?
Answer: The test is covered by most insurance companies. Banner Thunderbird Sleep Disorders Center has contracts with most insurance carriers statewide.