Injury prevention: 2 to 5 years old
Children explore. Many accidents occur because parents/caregivers aren't aware of how much a child this age can do. Children need constant supervision!
- A child three years of age is strong enough to pull the trigger of a gun. Lock up firearms and ammunition separately.
- Children over one year old and between 20 and 40 pounds can be in forward-facing car seat in the back seat. Children between 40 and 80 pounds (usually four to eight years old) need booster seats. Booster seats make lap and shoulder belts fit correctly. The back seat is the safest place for any child to ride in a car.
- If you have a pool, think about swim lessons after age three. Be sure to have a self-latching gate, a fence surrounding the pool that is five feet tall, and the space between the slats is three inches or less. If your child is missing, always check the pool first.
- Lock up all toxic cleaners/substances. Leave in original container. Do not leave medications in your purse. Use safety caps. Look for non-toxic household products to use. Keep bottle of syrup of ipecac on hand, only use if poison control center has instructed you to use it.
- To prevent choking, children should avoid (under the age of four) eating grapes, raw carrots, hard candy, hot dogs, spoonfuls of peanut butter or other small, hard pieces of food.
- Avoid burns! Children have thin skin and any burn can be serious. If your child gets burned, hold burned area under cool tap water; don't put any butter, oil, or other ointments on burns. Set the hot water thermostat at 120 degrees.
- Teach your child not to play with matches or lighters. Check smoke detectors each month. Use your child's day of birth to remember when to change the batteries.
- Be sun safe. Apply sunscreen with at least a SPF 15 to your child while in the sun and be sure to reapply frequently. Have your child wear hats, clothing, and sunglasses. Avoid the sun, when possible, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and drink plenty of water.