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About Vascular Disease

 

Vascular disease is a general term that refers to conditions that occur in the body's blood-vessel network of arteries, veins, and lymph vessels. Vascular disease can restrict blood flow and typically develops in the abdomen, neck or legs. It can be life-threatening, if left untreated.

Different types of vascular disease:

  • Aneurysm: When plaque builds, the wall of the artery can weaken and begin to bulge out like a balloon
  • Arterial occlusions in the abdomen, pelvis, legs, arms and neck.
  • Carotid artery blockage: A major factor contributing to strokes since these arteries supply blood and oxygen to the brain.
  • Deep vein thrombosis is a clot that could travel to the lung and become a medical emergency
  • Peripheral artery disease (PAD): Caused by atherosclerosis, a condition where plaque (fatty deposits) becomes attached to artery walls and restricts blood flow.
  • Peripheral vascular disease (PVD): Narrowing of the vessels that carry blood to the leg and arm muscles. The most common cause is atherosclerosis. When PVD occurs in the arteries outside the heart, it may be referred to as peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
  • Varicose veins: When the valve in the vein which helps pump blood up to the heart has become damaged
  • Venous insufficiency: Condition in which the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart.
    Can be caused by caused by problems in one or more deeper leg veins or a blockage in a vein from a clot (deep vein thrombosis

Causes

  • Atherosclerosis: A build-up of plaque, which is a deposit of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium, and fibrin in the inner lining of an artery.
  • Diabetes
  • Embolus/thrombus: A blood vessel may be blocked by an embolus (a tiny mass of debris that moves through the bloodstream) or a thrombus (a blood clot).
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol
  • Inflammation: Inflammation may lead to narrowing and/or blockage of blood vessels.
  • Trauma/injury: May lead to inflammation or infection, which can damage the blood vessels and lead to narrowing and/or blockage.

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