Prostate Cancer Treatment

If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:

  • Your age and general health
  • Stage and grade of cancer
  • Whether the cancer has spread
  • Side effects of treatment

Your treatment for prostate cancer will be customized to your particular needs. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat the cancer or help relieve symptoms.

Prostate Cancer Treatments


The two main surgical techniques for removal of the prostate are open and robot-assisted (laparoscopic) minimally invasive.

Learn more about surgical treatment

Radiation Therapy

Radiation often is used to treat prostate cancer that is contained within the prostate or the surrounding area.

Learn more about radiation therapy treatment

Hormone Therapy

About one-third of prostate cancer patients require hormone therapy (also called androgen deprivation), which blocks testosterone production or blocks testosterone from interacting with the tumor cells.

Learn more about hormone therapy treatment


Most physicians reserve the use of chemotherapy for prostate cancer that has spread to other organs and is no longer responding to hormone therapy.

Learn more about chemotherapy treatment

Other Therapies

The other therapies available include Gene Therapy, Cryotherapy, Targeted Therapies and Vaccine Therapy.

Learn more about other therapies available for treatment

Watchful Waiting

This approach involves closely monitoring the prostate cancer without active treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy.

Learn more about watchful waiting treatment

Side Effects of Treatment

After treatment for prostate cancer, you may have side effects.

Learn more about the side effects of treatment