If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:
Your treatment for prostate cancer will be customized to your particular needs. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat the cancer or help relieve symptoms.
The two main surgical techniques for removal of the prostate are open and robot-assisted (laparoscopic) minimally invasive.
Radiation often is used to treat prostate cancer that is contained within the prostate or the surrounding area.
About one-third of prostate cancer patients require hormone therapy (also called androgen deprivation), which blocks testosterone production or blocks testosterone from interacting with the tumor cells.
Most physicians reserve the use of chemotherapy for prostate cancer that has spread to other organs and is no longer responding to hormone therapy.
The other therapies available include Gene Therapy, Cryotherapy, Targeted Therapies and Vaccine Therapy.
This approach involves closely monitoring the prostate cancer without active treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy.