Sarcoma Risk Factors

What are the risk factors for sarcoma?

Anything that increases your chance of getting cancer is considered a risk factor. Key risk factors for soft tissue sarcoma include:

  • Damage or removal of lymph nodes during previous cancer treatments
  • Exposure to vinyl chloride, a chemical used in making plastics
  • Previous radiation treatment for another cancer
  • Inherited genetic conditions such as:
    • Von Recklinghausen disease
    • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
    • Gardner syndrome
    • Inherited retinoblastoma
    • Werner syndrome
    • Gorlin syndrome
    • Tuberous sclerosis

What are risk factors for Kaposi sarcoma?

Kaposi sarcoma often affects people with immune deficiencies such as HIV or AIDS. Other risk factors include:

  • Gender: Men have a higher risk than women
  • Ethnic background: People of Mediterranean or Jewish descent have a higher risk.
  • Infection of herpes virus-8

What are risk factors for Ewing Sarcoma?

Although anyone can get Ewing sarcoma, it is more common in children than adults. Risk factors include:

  • Age: Ewing sarcoma is most commonly seen in people of ages 10 to 20 years old.
  • Race: Caucasians have the highest risk.
  • Gender: Ewing sarcoma is more common in males than females.

Not everyone with risk factors gets sarcoma. However, it is a good idea to discuss your individual sarcoma risk factors with your health care provider.