What are the risk factors for sarcoma?
Anything that increases your chance of getting cancer is considered a risk factor. Key risk factors for soft tissue sarcoma include:
- Damage or removal of lymph nodes during previous cancer treatments
- Exposure to vinyl chloride, a chemical used in making plastics
- Previous radiation treatment for another cancer
- Inherited genetic conditions such as:
- Von Recklinghausen disease
- Li-Fraumeni syndrome
- Gardner syndrome
- Inherited retinoblastoma
- Werner syndrome
- Gorlin syndrome
- Tuberous sclerosis
What are risk factors for Kaposi sarcoma?
Kaposi sarcoma often affects people with immune deficiencies such as HIV or AIDS. Other risk factors include:
- Gender: Men have a higher risk than women
- Ethnic background: People of Mediterranean or Jewish descent have a higher risk.
- Infection of herpes virus-8
What are risk factors for Ewing Sarcoma?
Although anyone can get Ewing sarcoma, it is more common in children than adults. Risk factors include:
- Age: Ewing sarcoma is most commonly seen in people of ages 10 to 20 years old.
- Race: Caucasians have the highest risk.
- Gender: Ewing sarcoma is more common in males than females.
Not everyone with risk factors gets sarcoma. However, it is a good idea to discuss your individual sarcoma risk factors with your health care provider.