Treatment of Diabetes
What is the treatment for diabetes?
Treatment for diabetes will depend on your symptoms, age, and general
health. It will also depend on the type of diabetes and how severe the condition is.
Type 1 diabetes
With type 1 diabetes, your body
doesn't make insulin. The cells that make insulin have been destroyed. So the insulin
must be replaced. Then your body can use the sugar (glucose) that you get from
People with type 1 diabetes must
use insulin every day. Insulin can be injected with a needle and syringe. Or it can be
given by an insulin pump, insulin pen, jet injector, or inhaler. Extra insulin may be
taken before meals. This depends on your blood sugar level. It also depends on what you
The amount of insulin needed is
different for each person. It depends on your height, weight, age, food intake, and
activity level. Insulin doses must be balanced with mealtimes and activities. Dosage
levels can be affected by illness or stress. Or by unplanned events. People with type 1
must check their blood sugars several times a day. This is to be sure the sugar level
stays in the normal range. A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) may also be used. A CGM
device automatically checks your blood sugar all day and night.
Type 2 diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes may
keep making insulin. But their bodies can't use it properly. This is called insulin
resistance. Medicine may be needed. Some medicines help the pancreas to make more
insulin. Other medicines help the body use the insulin that's made. These medicines are
taken as pills. People with type 2 will need to take insulin when they are sick. And
some people need to take both insulin and medicine.
Diet and exercise
Diet and exercise can often help
bring blood glucose levels down to normal. But sometimes more help is needed. Then
the next step is taking medicines that lower blood glucose levels.