Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

Many high-risk factors for prostate cancer are things you cannot control like age and race.

  • Age: Men 50 or older are at the greatest risk. Age is the most influential risk factor.
  • Family history: Your risk is higher with a family history (especially father, brother, son) of prostate cancer.
  • Race: African Americans have nearly twice the prostate cancer incidence of white men. It is less common among Asian or American Indian men.
  • Diet: A high-fat diet, particularly one consisting of a lot of animal fats, may increase your risk or even lead to an intermediate risk. Diets high in fruits and vegetables are thought to decrease your risk for prostate cancer.

How to Reduce Your Risk of Prostate Cancer

  • Eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day
  • Follow recommended screening guidelines
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain your ideal weight

Take the time to discuss your own risks with your health care provider who can best advise you on the screening exams and risk-reduction strategies that are right for you.