Stroke occurs when a blood clot interrupts blood flow to the brain or when a blood vessel bursts in the brain.
Stroke is a leading cause of disability and the third leading cause of death. However, almost 80% of strokes are preventable. It is important to know how to identify the signs of a stroke so treatment can begin immediately.
To identify the severity of signs and symptoms of stroke, act FAST:
- F = Face. Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
- A = Arm. Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
- S = Speech. Have the person repeat a simple sentence. Are the words slurred? Can the person repeat the sentence correctly?
- T = Time. If the answer is yes, call 911 immediately!
Did you know that 80 % of strokes are preventable? Below are some tips on how you can prevent a future stroke:
- Know your risk factors for stroke
- Know symptoms of stroke/ TIA and call 911 immediately
- Be physically active and live a healthy lifestyle (You may want to talk with your doctor about what types and amounts of activity are safe for you)
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Take all your medications as prescribed
- Follow up with your physician as directed
- Quit using tobacco
- Manage your stress level
- Consider joining a support group