Banner Health supports you through the transition to perimenopause, menopause and beyond. Look to Banner Health for all your gynecologic health needs throughout your life. Learn more about how to manage menopause symptoms throughout every stage from the professionals at Banner Health.
Menopause occurs when the reproductive hormones in a woman begin to decrease. Menopause is when you have not had your period for 12 months. Menopause can occur earlier for women if they have had surgical removal or their ovaries, chemotherapy/radiation or a hormone level drop. Your provider can run some blood tests to confirm menopausal state if needed
Menopause usually occurs in your 40s or 50s, with the average age being 51 years old in the United States.
Menopause symptoms are usually associated with the levels of estrogen, progesterone and testosterone in the body. Symptoms may include:
Premenopause is the time before menopause when your body is still having periods. You show no signs of change in your body while hormonal changes are still occurring. Technically, any stage before menopause is considered premenopausal.
Perimenopause is the transition time between your childbearing years and menopause when the ovaries decrease the production of hormones. This time can last anywhere from a few months to a few years and have similar symptoms to menopause.
Perimenopause is the time leading up to menopause while early or premature menopause is when menopause occurs at age 40 or younger.
Women experiencing perimenopause may experience all menopause related symptoms as well as changes in their menstrual cycle, such as:
Menopause is a natural transition, therefore there is no cure for it or ways to prevent it from happening. However, there are several ways to manage and treat symptoms you may be experiencing. A healthy lifestyle, balanced diet and regular exercise may help you manage some of your symptoms. Other options include natural supplements, non-hormonal medications or hormonal medications. Since pregnancy is still possible in perimenopause, it is important to consider birth control as well. Discuss your options with your doctor to create a custom plan.
When it comes to managing menopause symptoms, there are a few ways to reduce symptoms. In your lifestyle, it’s important to:
There are also hormonal and non-hormonal medications that can ease symptoms, as well as hormone therapy. Talk to your doctor about the best options that will work for you.
Postmenopause is the time after the 12 months without a period.
Symptoms relating to menopause and postmenopause usually decrease once you’re officially in postmenopause stage. Every woman may experience symptoms differently. You may experience:
During and after menopause, women’s estrogen levels have decreased significantly, and this can lead to bone loss and low bone density. Estrogen helps to build bones and keep them strong. Talk to your doctor about options to help reduce bone loss as well as bone density testing.
As women enter into menopause and postmenopause, the chance for heart disease increases. Menopausal women can decrease their risk of heart disease by keeping a healthy lifestyle with a heart-healthy diet and exercise. Learn more about women’s heart health here.