Diabetes: Exams and Tests
For your diabetes care, you may see
your primary care provider or a specialist 2 to 4 times a year. This page lists some of the
regular exams and tests advised for people with diabetes. To learn more, contact the
American Diabetes Association (800-342-2383 or www.diabetes.org).
These should be done at least as often as stated below:
Blood pressure check. Every healthcare
A1C. At first, every 3 months. If
controlled, then every 3 to 6 months.
Cholesterol and blood lipid tests. At least
every 12 months.
Urine tests for kidney function.
Every 12 months.
Flu shots. Once a year.
Pneumonia shot. Ask your provider which
pneumonia vaccines are right for you.
Hepatitis B shots. As soon as possible if
you’re younger than 60. Or as advised by your healthcare provider after age
Shingles vaccine. After age 60. Get the shot
even if you have had shingles. Or if you had a past shingles vaccine.
Other tests or vaccines. As advised by your
Individualized medical nutrition therapy. At
least once. Then as needed.
Stop smoking counseling. If you still smoke,
at each visit.
following exams help keep you healthy.
Nerve and blood vessel problems can affect your feet first. Have your healthcare
provider check your feet at every office visit. Take your shoes and socks off in the
exam room. This will help remind you to get your feet checked. Also check your feet
at home every day. Look for pressure sores or injuries. Contact your provider if you
You can have problems with your eyes even if you don’t have trouble seeing. An eye
healthcare provider (ophthalmologist) or specially trained optometrist will give you
a dilated eye exam at least once a year. Tell your healthcare provider right away if
Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) and other mouth problems are common in
people with diabetes. To help prevent these problems, see your dentist 2 or more
times a year. Tell your dentist that you have diabetes.
Ask your healthcare provider what other exams you’ll need on a regular basis.