Sleeve gastrectomy is a minimally invasive weight loss surgery that involves removing a part of the stomach to reduce its size. The procedure limits the amount of food you can eat, which leads to weight loss. It is also known as laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) or gastric sleeve surgery.
Sleeve gastrectomy is quick and easy to perform by experienced bariatric surgeons, and it is now the most commonly performed bariatric procedure in the U.S.
Sleeve gastrectomy is done laparoscopically, which means it is associated with shorter hospital stays, smaller scars, less pain and a quicker recovery at home.
During the procedure, bariatric surgeons make small incisions in the upper abdomen and use small tools to reduce the size of the stomach. The stomach is reduced to a small pouch, or stomach sleeve, about the size and shape of a banana.
Most of the left part of the stomach is removed. This section contains most of the cells that produce hunger hormones (ghrelin levels) – the hormones that tell us we are hungry and prompt us to eat. The combination of being able to eat less and wanting to eat less results in significant weight loss.
This procedure is used to treat severe obesity. It is recommended for those unable to lose weight through non-surgical means such as diet and exercise.
Your health care provider may recommend sleeve gastrectomy if you are severely obese with a body mass index (BMI) over 40. Your BMI is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. Your provider may also recommend it if you have a BMI between 30 and 40 and a health condition such as sleep apnea, high blood pressure, heart disease or type 2 diabetes. These recommendations may change based on your insurance.
Follow the BMI calculator to find out if you’re a healthy weight.
Patients must be in good overall health and not have any medical or mental health conditions that would exclude them from undergoing surgery.
There are several benefits of sleeve gastrectomy surgery:
Sleeve gastrectomy is a safe weight loss surgery, but complications can still occur during and after surgery. Below are the main complications and risks of this type of procedure:
It’s important to carefully consider the pros and cons before deciding to undergo the procedure.
Sleeve gastrectomy is a lifelong commitment that requires nutritional and lifestyle changes to help sustain weight loss.
Shortly after surgery, you slowly begin reintroducing foods into your diet, starting with a clear liquid diet. Then you’ll advance to a full liquid diet, a soft food diet and a regular diet in the weeks ahead.
You will work with our health care team to determine what is best to eat.
Bariatric surgery needs a multidisciplinary approach to obesity care. The Banner Health weight loss team offers compassionate, comprehensive and advanced care. Our team is dedicated to providing you with the safest, most successful bariatric patient experience possible.
Surgery is only one part of that care. Equally important is the education, lifelong follow up and support our team provides. Our team partners with you to achieve your weight loss goals and improve your quality of life.
Your team will involve a surgeon or surgeons, obesity medicine doctors, nurse practitioners, nurses, dietitians, behavioral health specialists, support staff, medical assistants and some specialists in cardiology, pulmonology and sleep medicine. We are all working together with you on your care.
Banner Health is accredited by the American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery for its high standards of care in weight loss surgery.