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Uterine Cancer Tests, Diagnosis, Stages and Prognosis

Screening Tests for Uterine Cancer

Since there is no easy way to screen for uterine cancer, it is important to pay attention to the signs and symptoms of uterine cancer. If you are at high risk for uterine cancer, consider asking your doctor about having an annual transvaginal ultrasound or an endometrial biopsy. 

We also offer genetic counseling if there is a history of uterine cancer in your family. Learn more about genetic counseling.

What Tests Are Used to Diagnosis Uterine Cancer?

The main tests used to diagnose uterine cancer include:


Utilizing ultrasound tests can help diagnosis uterine cancer. There are two tests used: a pelvic ultrasound and a transvaginal ultrasound. A pelvic ultrasound assesses the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes, while the transvaginal ultrasound evaluates the uterus.

Endometrial tissue sampling

Sampling options can include a biopsy, hysteroscopy or dilation and curettage.

An endometrial biopsy is the most commonly used test and can be done quickly. If the doctor needs more information, they can perform a dilation and curettage, which is a procedure used to get a tissue sample from the uterus.  A hysteroscopy utilizes a tiny telescope to see the uterus.

Imaging tests

Imaging tests are used to see if uterine cancer has spread. These imaging tests can include:

  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • PET

Discuss your options with your doctor to determine which tests you will need.

What Is the Prognosis of a Uterine Cancer Diagnosis?

The prognosis for uterine cancer depends on the stage and type of the disease upon diagnosis. The five-year survival rate for women with uterine cancer is approximately 80-90 percent, depending on the stage of cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body

Uterine Cancer Stages

Uterine cancer can be diagnosed in many stages. Doctors utilize a system called the International Federations of Gynecology and Obstetrics to stage uterine cancer. The staging is classified by:

  • (T): The size of the tumor
  • (N): Spreading to lymph nodes
  • (M): Spreading throughout the body (metastasis)

These letters are associated with numbers to diagnose a specific stage of uterine cancer. The higher the number, the more advanced the cancer is.

Always consult with your doctor to determine an accurate diagnosis and get you on a treatment plan. Let the experts at Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center customize a plan for you. 

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