Types of Vascular Disease

What Are the Most Common Types of Vascular Disease?

There are many different kinds of vascular disease. No matter which type of vascular disease you may be dealing with, Banner Health is here to support you in your journey to healthy living. Some of the more common types of vascular disease include:

Atherosclerosis

Commonly referred to as hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis can lead to other complications such as peripheral artery disease, carotid artery disease, or aneurysms.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Also called peripheral vascular disease, this disease is identified by the progressive thickening of an artery’s lining caused by a buildup of plaque. This causes a reduction in the blood flow to areas of the body such as the legs, stomach, kidneys, and neck. Historically it was believed that peripheral artery disease affects men more than women, but recent studies indicate that post-menopausal women have the same risk as men. 

Carotid Artery Disease

Similar to peripheral artery disease, carotid artery disease occurs when arteries become blocked by fatty deposits, or plaques. It is caused by high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and other risk factors. There are no symptoms of carotid artery disease, but the blockages can lead to a stroke. 

Pulmonary Embolism

A blockage of one of the main arteries in your lungs, often caused by deep vein thrombosis (a blood clot). The most common symptoms of a pulmonary embolism are sudden shortness of breath or sharp pain when you breathe deep. 

Collagen Vascular Disease

A group of autoimmune disorders that includes lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, and others. These diseases are more common in women than in men. Symptoms of collagen vascular disease will vary but general symptoms include muscle weakness, body aches or joint pain, fatigue, and skin rash.

Cerebrovascular Disease

A group of conditions or disorders that affect the blood vessels and blood flow to the brain, including ischemic stroke (the most common type of stroke), transient ischemic attack, and aneurysms. Symptoms of cerebrovascular disease will vary but commonly include headache, weakness or paralysis of one side, confusion, slurred speech, and loss of vision.

Each of these vascular diseases has its own unique set of symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options. If you have questions about the signs or symptoms of vascular disease, treatments, or ways to prevent vascular disease, schedule an appointment with one of the specialists at Banner Health.