Most women find the second trimester easier than the first. Hopefully, you’re feeling better and have more energy. There are big things happening during this middle stretch and it’s important to understand what to expect.
The second trimester spans from week 13 to 28. At week 20, don’t forget to celebrate your half-way point!
During the second trimester, both your body and the fetus continue to grow. Your baby is getting larger and stronger, and your belly is likely starting to show.
Generally, the second trimester is physically more enjoyable with less morning sickness, tiredness and breast tenderness. This primarily is due to the leveling of human chorionic gonadotropin, estrogen and progesterone hormones.
By the end of the second trimester, you probably gain between 12 and 17 pounds.
Changes and symptoms happening in the second trimester include:
Immediately call your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:
By the end of the second trimester, your baby is 13 to 16 inches long and weighs about 2 to 3 pounds. She is fully formed and really starting to grow in height and weight. Her organs are wholly developed and she can hear, swallow and move around. She has a sleep cycle (which unfortunately may be different than yours).
A baby born at 24 weeks may survive in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
You should see your doctor every two to four weeks during your second trimester. During your visits, your doctor continues to check the health of you and your baby, including:
At this point, on an ultrasound, your doctor can tell you if you’re having a boy or a girl.
It’s important you take the best care possible of yourself and your developing baby. Continue taking your prenatal vitamins, exercising, eating a healthy diet, and drinking lots of water. Also, work on strengthening your pelvic floor by doing Kegel exercises and keep up a good dental hygiene routine. It’s also time to start preparing for birth.
The second trimester is a great time to start planning for your delivery. Not only does being prepared help make the third trimester less stressful, but right now you’re probably feeling more energized and mobile than you will in a few short weeks.
Banner Health has many resources to help. Take some of our prenatal education classes, including childbirth, breastfeeding, infant CPR, first aid and parenting. Sign up for a tour of Banner Health’s Maternity Ward to see where you will be giving birth. Learn more about Banner Health’s pregnancy resources, classes, education materials and support groups.