Firework-related injuries are most common on and around holidays associated with firework celebrations, especially July 4th and New Year's Eve.
Males accounted for 57 perfect of injuries caused by fire crackers, novelty devices, sparklers, bottle rockets, roman candles and/or reloadable shells. Woman accounted for 43 percent of injuries and most of them were from public firework displays. People actively participating in fireworks-related activities are more frequently and severely injured than bystanders.
Below is a breakdown of injuries by age group:
The body parts most often injured are the hands and fingers followed by the head, face, ears and eyes. More than half of the injuries are usually burns to all body parts except the eyes and head areas, where contusions, lacerations and foreign bodies in the eye occurred more frequent.
Firework injuries can also include blindness, third degree burns, permanent scarring and can cause life-threatening residential and motor vehicle fires.
Sparklers cause the most injuries and are reported as the cause for about 31 percent of injuries each year. They are also the cause of about 1/3 of the injuries to children less than five years of age.
Availability: In spite of federal regulations and varying state prohibitions, many types of fireworks are still accessible to the public. Distributors often sell fireworks near state borders, where laws prohibiting sales on either side of the border may differ.
Fireworks type: Among the various types of fireworks, some of which are sold legally in some states, the specific type can cause certain injuries. Such as:
Being too close: Injuries may result from being too close to fireworks when they explode. (For example, when someone leans over to look more closely at a firework that has been ignited, or when a misguided bottle rocket hits a nearby person.)
Lack of physical coordination: Younger children often lack the physical coordination to handle fireworks safely.
Curiosity: Children are often excited and curious around fireworks, which can increase their chances of being injured. (For example, when they reexamine a firecracker dud that initially fails to ignite.)
Experimentation: Homemade fireworks can lead to dangerous and unpredictable explosions. For example, ones made of the powder from several firecrackers.
Under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission prohibits the sale of the most dangerous types of fireworks and the components intended to make them.
The banned fireworks include various large aerial devices, M-80s, quarter-sticks, half-sticks and other large firecrackers. Any firecracker with more than 50 milligrams of explosive powder and any aerial firework with more than 130 milligrams of flash powder are banned under federal law, as are mail order kits and components designed to build these fireworks.
The safest way to prevent fireworks-related injuries is to leave fireworks displays to trained professionals.
Other safety tips include:
**Source- US Consumer Product Safety Commission 2013 Firework Annual Report-www.cpsc.gov