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What are STDs?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases spread through sexual contact.

Types of STDs

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV is a virus that destroys the body's ability to fight off infection.

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common sexually transmitted disease. Some types can cause genital warts, which can occur on the inside or outside areas of the genitals and may spread to the surrounding skin or to a sexual partner. Many other types of HPV cause no symptoms, so the infection may go undetected. Women with an HPV infection have an increased risk of developing cervical cancer. Regular Pap tests can detect HPV infection, as well as abnormal cervical cells. An HPV vaccine is available to help prevent cervical cancer.

  • Chlamydial infections. Chlamydial infections may cause an abnormal genital discharge and burning with urination. In women, untreated chlamydial infection may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

  • Gonorrhea. Gonorrhea causes a discharge from the vagina or penis and painful or difficult urination.

  • Genital herpes. Genital herpes infections are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Symptoms may include painful blisters or open sores in the genital area, which may be preceded by a tingling or burning sensation in the legs, buttocks or genital region.

  • Syphilis. The initial symptom of syphilis is a painless open sore that usually appears on the penis, in the vagina, or on the skin around either sexual organ.

How are STDs Treated?

Treatment varies based on the type of STD the patient has. Please consult with your physician.