“Stop and smell the roses,” may be a cliché, but if you’re grappling with chronic nasal congestion or other symptoms that make it hard to breathe—you really may not be able to smell them.
One culprit for this could be a deviated septum. The bone and cartilage that divide the inside of our nose are called the nasal septum. In a perfect world, these two nasal passages would be equal in size. But, as with everything in life, not everything is created equal.
Roughly 80 percent of people have nasal septums that are off-center. The good news is that not everyone who has a deviated septum will have symptoms, but there are a few where this condition can make it hard to breathe and cause other problems too.
To better understand the signs and symptoms of this condition, we sought the expertise of Bruce Stewart, MD, an ear, nose and throat doctor at Banner Health in Arizona.
What are the symptoms of a deviated septum?
“The most common symptom is nasal congestion—most often one nasal passage is worse, but bilateral congestion is possible,” Dr. Stewart said. “It can also increase your risk of sinus infections.”
If you believe you are among the few who might be experiencing problems, here are some warning signs to look out for:
- Difficulty breathing: Misalignment of your nasal passages can make it harder for air to pass through.
- Nasal congestion: Often congestion is worse on one side than the other and usually doesn’t improve with allergy pills or nasal sprays.
- Repeat sinus infections: The more clogged your airway might be, the more likely you could develop an infection.
- Snoring and sleep apnea symptoms: Are you a mouth breather? If you have a hard time breathing during the day, you may have trouble at night too.
- Nosebleeds: If air isn’t moving through nasal passages, it can leave those moist membranes lining your nose dry, making you more susceptible to nosebleeds.
- Nasal pressure/headaches: As the pressure builds in your sinuses, you could suffer debilitating headaches, as well as pressure and pain around your nose and eyes.
What causes a deviated septum?
Some people are born with it, because their nose developed that way in the womb, while others can be caused due to injury or trauma—whether during birth or later in life.
How is a deviated septum fixed (treated)?
Some mild cases can be treated with decongestants or nasal steroids, while others may require surgery, or septoplasty and/or rhinoplasty, to straighten the septum and nose. Your primary care provider or an ear, nose and throat specialist will examine your nose—inside and out—to determine next steps.
“A deviated septum doesn’t have to be treated, but if you are bothered by the symptoms you should be evaluated by an ear, nose and throat specialist,” Dr. Stewart said. “If you sustain a nasal injury and have urgent symptoms, such as persistent nosebleeds, severe pain, neurological or eye symptoms, you should seek immediate medical care.”
What can I expect post-surgery?
If non-surgical treatments aren’t successful, your doctor may recommend surgery. This type of procedure is performed in an outpatient setting.
“Some people do experience some pain, swelling and congestion the first week, but usually you’ll be up and ‘running’ about 1 to 2 weeks post-op,” Dr. Stewart said.
Schedule an Appointment
If you suspect you have a deviated septum, it doesn’t hurt to consult your doctor for an evaluation. Get the care you deserve so you can stop and smell the roses once again.To find a Banner Health ear, nose and throat specialist, visit bannerhealth.com.