Taking care of our hearts should be a top priority for everyone. Your heart is a powerful, important organ that allows you to function at your best. As such, shouldn’t you treat it with tender loving care?
Considering coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death for people in the U.S., the old (and young) ticker should be at the forefront of all our minds. Even if you think you’re young and healthy, you can make small changes to improve your heart health.
Do your heart a favor and check out the tips below to ensure your heart keeps beating strong for years to come.
1. Focus on heart-healthy foods.
It may seem like a no-brainer, but a diet centered around fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy proteins and fats are simple changes you can make to help protect your heart. Limiting sodium and replacing saturated fats and processed foods with unsaturated fats, such as olive oil, are better for you too.
Studies found that a higher-quality diet is consistently linked with a lower risk of death from heart disease, cancer and other conditions. In fact, the American Heart Association has updated its guidelines for a heart-healthy diet. Instead of seeking out specific foods or nutrients, they emphasize a general focus on healthy eating.
The new guidelines also support popular diet plans, including the Mediterranean diet and the DASH diet. A low-fat diet may also assist in weight loss and lowering cholesterol levels. However, talk to your health care provider before making any changes to your diet.
[For tips on what to eat and not to eat, check out “Reduce Cholesterol with Healthy Eating” and “Real Foods That Can Help You Live a Longer, Healthier Life.”]
2. Maintain a healthy weight.
Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is one of the best things you can do for your heart. Being overweight or obese is linked with several health conditions. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people who are overweight are at a greater risk for the following diseases:
- Coronary heart disease
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides
- Type 2 diabetes
How do you know if you’re overweight? Body mass index, or BMI, is one tool used to assess body weight. Not everyone needs to have a BMI in the normal range, but the goal is to achieve a healthy weight that is right for you.
Talk to your provider to find out your ideal weight and other important numbers you should know to improve your life.
3. Stand up and get moving.
Avoid sitting for long periods as it increases your risk of cardiovascular disease. In recent years, research has suggested that staying seated for long periods of time is bad for your health — no matter how much you exercise.
Engage in activities that get your heart rate up throughout the day, like taking the stairs instead of the elevator, walking your pet or doing household chores, in addition to getting at least 30 minutes of moderately intense aerobic exercise.
The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion’s guidelines suggest the following things could be considered moderately intense aerobic exercise:
- A brisk walk at about 2.5 miles per hour or faster
- A nice swim
- A bike ride over level terrain where you go slower than 10 MPH
- A doubles tennis match
- Ballroom or line dancing
4. Live smoke-free.
The CDC reports that smoking puts the increased chance of coronary heart disease at 2 to 4 times greater than non-smokers. Smokers also have a 2 to 4 times greater risk of stroke.
It’s also important to avoid secondhand smoke as this increases your risk for heart attack and stroke. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, nonsmokers who have high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol have an even greater risk of developing heart disease when they’re exposed to secondhand smoke. This is because the chemicals emitted from cigarette smoke promote the development of plaque buildup in the arteries.
5. Catch the signs early.
It is a popular belief that men are the ones who get heart attacks, but the reality is that they affect women as well. Some heart attacks are sudden and intense, while most start slowly with mild pain or discomfort.
Pay attention to your body and call 911 (seek emergency room care) if you experience the following symptoms of a heart attack:
- Chest pain or pressure, like you have something heavy sitting on your chest
- Intense pain in the upper part of your body, typically the neck, back and jaw
- Severe shortness of breath
- Cold sweats
- Light-headedness or dizziness
- Nausea or vomiting
As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain, but women are somewhat more likely than men to experience shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.
Take your heart health seriously, at every age
There’s no time like the present to start focusing on your heart health. The good news is that it’s never too late to get healthy — but the sooner the better.
To learn more about your heart health and potential risk, take our heart age test. In addition, don’t skip routine wellness checks or screenings, such as lipid screenings. Heart disease can be difficult to predict, especially if you don’t have symptoms.
To find a Banner Health specialist near you, visit www.bannerhealth.com.